Knee Pain Causes, Treatments & Symptoms

Knee Pain Causes, Treatments & Symptoms


Facts about knee pain and discomfort

  • Knee pain is a typical problem with many causes, from acute injuries to various medical problems.
  • Knee pain can be local to a particular area of the knee or be scattered throughout the knee.
  • Knee discomfort is often accompanied by physical restriction and loss of mobility.
  • A thorough checkup can generally establish the medical diagnosis of knee pain.
  • The treatment of knee pain depends upon the underlying cause.
  • The diagnosis and treatment of knee discomfort or even extreme knee pain is usually possible although it may require surgery or other interventions.
  • Stem cell therapy allows some patients who thought they needed surgery to return to pain free living without surgery.

Knee pain description

Knee pain or discomfort is a typical knee problem that can come from any of the bony frameworks compromising the knee joint (femur, tibia, fibula), the kneecap (knee), or the tendons, ligaments, and cartilage (crescent) of the knee. Knee discomfort can be aggravated by exercise, along with obesity, influenced by the bordering muscles as well as their movements, and be caused by other issues (such as a foot injury). Knee pain can influence people of all ages, and some treatments you can do at home may be useful.

What are some of the symptoms of knee pain?

The place of the knee discomfort can vary depending on which framework is involved. With infection or an inflammatory process, the whole knee could be swollen as well as painful, while a torn ligament or fractured bone gives signs and symptoms just in one particular location. A Baker cyst will typically cause discomfort in the rear of the knee. The severity of the joint pain can vary, from a small ache to a severe, disabling pain. 

Other signs and symptoms to look out for include:

Knee Pain Symptoms

  • Difficulty weight bearing or walking because of instability of the knee.
  • Limping as a result of discomfort.
  • Problem going up or down steps because of tendon damage (sprain).
  • Locking of the knee (incapable to flex the knee).
  • Redness and swelling.
  • inability to expand the knee.
  • shifting weight to the opposite knee and foot.

Why do we get knee pain?

Types of knee pain can be split into three  main groups:

Acute injuries 

These include injuries such as a fractured bone, torn ligament, or meniscal tear.

The most usual injury is the ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) injury. An ACL injury is typically a sports-related injury as a result of a sudden stop, turn or cut on the field. The other holding ligaments (posterior cruciate ligament, lateral collateral tendon, and also medial collateral ligament) are injured less frequently.

Chronic use/overuse conditions

Patellar tendinitis is an inflammation of the tendons attaching the kneecap (patella) to the shinbone (the bone of the reduced leg). Patellar tendinitis is a chronic problem frequently discovered in individuals duplicating the same activity during exercise (such as cyclists and runners). Other conditions include osteoarthritis, chondromalacia, IT band disorder, patellar syndromes, tendinitis, and also bursitis.

Medical conditions

Medical problems causing knee pain include rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, infections, chondromalacia, IT band syndrome, patellar syndromes, tendinitis, and bursitis.

Below is a listing of a few of the more common causes of knee pain. This is not an all-inclusive list but instead highlights a few common causes of knee discomfort in each of the above categories.

Acute knee injuries

Fractures: A straight impact to the bony structure can cause one of the bones in the knee to break. Many knee cracks are not only unpleasant but will certainly also conflict with the proper performance of the knee (such as kneecap fracture) or make it extremely excruciating to bear weight (such as tibial plateau crack). Any bone fracture requires a doctor immediately. Many fractures require significant force and the doctor must look thoroughly in order to detect other possible injuries.

Meniscus injuries: The menisci (lateral as well as medial) are constructed from cartilage material. They function as shock absorbers in between bones in the knee. Twisting the knee can hurt the meniscus.

Dislocation of the knee: The knee joint can actually become dislocated. This would be a medical emergency where immediate medical attention is required. A knee dislocation can disrupt blood flow to the leg and cause other issues related to that. This injury often occurs during a motor-vehicle accident if the knee hits the dashboard forcefully.

Medical conditions that cause knee pain

Gout is a form of joint inflammation or arthritis that is most frequently discovered in the large toe, though it can also affect the knee. Gout often tends to flare and also is incredibly painful throughout the severe episodes. When there is no flare-up, the knee can be pain free.

Rheumatoid arthritis is joint inflammation and is an autoimmune problem that can impact any type of joint in the body. It can create serious pain in addition to swelling and disability.

With septic joint inflammation (contagious joint inflammation), the knee joint can end up being contaminated; this brings about discomfort, swelling, and also a fever. This condition requires antibiotics as well as drainage as soon as possible.

Chronic use/overuse conditions

Prepatellar bursitis: Inflammation to the bursa (fluid-filled cavity) under the kneecap may create knee pain.

Patellofemoral discomfort disorder is triggered by deterioration or stress under the kneecap (knee) where it meets the thigh bone (femur). Patellofemoral discomfort disorder often occurs in bikers and runners.

Osteoarthritis: a wearing down of cartilage of the joint due to use and age

Other causes

Children can develop inflammation of the point of bony insertion of the patellar tendon (Osgood-Schlatter disease).

What are the problems associated with knee pain?

Frequently, knee pain will disappear without ever locating a certain cause. Depending upon the underlying source of the pain, the problem can advance and lead to more significant injuries or difficulties. Usually, these difficulties are longer term and lead to worsening discomfort or increasing difficulty or pain when walking. 

Treating knee pain with stem cells

REGENCare founder, Dr. Richard Ambrozic, is one of the world’s leading experts on advanced stem cell therapy and regenerative medicine. His medical practice is devoted to helping people recover faster and live pain free. Elite athletes such as four time Super Bowl champion, Rob Growski, regularly fly to Atlanta, Georgia to be seen by Dr. Rick.

Knee conditions and injuries from various causes including medical conditions and ACL tears are routinely helped and recoveries made faster with the specific stem cell therapies used by Dr. Rick.

About REGENCare

REGENCare is committed to using state of the art stem cell and regenerative therapies in an ethical, safe manner. This means that we only treat patients with the highest quality stem cell products from labs we trust. To learn more about stem cell therapy and how it can benefit you, call (678) 430-3039 to schedule a complimentary assessment and free consultation. 

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